Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever

Aedes aegypti or tiger mosquito – low-flying, day-biting, lurks in dark places of the house, lays eggs on clean and stagnant water

 

The D.E.N.G.U.E. Strategy

D – daily monitoring of patient’s status
E – encourage intake of oral fluids like oresol, water, juices, etc,
N – note any dengue warning signs like persistent vomiting and bleeding,
G – give paracetamol for fever and NOT aspirin, because aspirin induces bleeding,
U – use mosquito nets and
Eearly consultation is advised for any warning signs

From DOH website:

DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER is an acute infectious disease manifested initially with fever.

Transmission

Aedes aegypti, the transmitter of the disease, is a day-biting mosquito which lays eggs in clear and stagnant water found in flower vases, cans, rain barrels, old rubber tires, etc. The adult mosquitoes rest in dark places of the house.

Signs and Symptoms

  1. Sudden onset of high fever which may last 2 to 7 days.
  2. Joint & muscle pain and pain behind the eyes.
  3. Weakness
  4. Skin rashes – maculopapular rash or red tiny spots on the skin called petechiae
  5. Nosebleeding when fever starts to subside
  6. Abdominal pain
  7. Vomiting of coffee-colored matter
  8. Dark-colored stools

Prevention and Control

  1. Cover water drums and water pails at all times to prevent mosquitoes from breeding.
  2. Replace water in flower vases once a week.
  3. Clean all water containers once a week. Scrub the sides well to remove eggs of mosquitoes sticking to the sides.
  4. Clean gutters of leaves and debris so that rain water will not collect as breeding places of mosquitoes.
  5. Old tires used as roof support should be punctured or cut to avoid accumulation of water.
  6. Collect and dispose all unusable tin cans, jars, bottles and other items that can collect and hold water.

Vaccine

A vaccine said to prevent or cure the four strains of dengue is currently being tested in pilot areas in Laguna and Cebu. The vaccine will be available in 2014.

2 thoughts on “Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever

  1. mitch

    Late last year when I was given NS1 test result for my son, tears immediately flow from my eyes, you might think I was too emotional. I just couldn’t imagine the pain and all the tests that he needs to go through everyday to check on his platelet. Fortunately, he’s ok now, but it was truly heartbreaking so better be cautious everyone.
    Thanks for your Prevention and Control tips!

    Reply
    1. Yami Post author

      Hi Mitch. You’re welcome and thank you for sharing your thoughts.

      I can relate with your experience as both my kids were hospitalized twice for dengue, sabay talaga sila. It’s really difficult to watch over and monitor two kids with dengue at the same time. Nakakatuliro. We were just thankful that both kids were spared from complications.

      Reply

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