Moms usually worry about small wounds their kids incur when playing inside or outside the home. Wounds become more worrisome if they become infected as they could harbor the tetanus infection. This infographic is very useful in teaching the public about tetanus and how to properly care for wounds. There are different wounds incurred from various sources. One being discussed in the infographic is wound sustained from typhoon-related accidents. Take note of the health tips for future reference.
Image credit: The World Health Organization
Image credit: N and People’s Tonight (June 30, 2015)
Typhoons and heavy rains may cause flooding which, in turn, can potentially increase the transmission of communicable diseases. These include water-borne diseases (e.g., typhoid fever, cholera, leptospirosis, and hepatitis A); and vector-borne diseases (e.g., malaria, dengue). Climate change affects the increase in the intensity of typhoons.
- Make sure drinking water is from a safe source.
- When in doubt, boil water for 2 minutes or longer, or chlorinate drinking water to make it safe.
- Food should be well-cooked.
- Leftovers should be covered and kept away from household pests.
- Food waste should be disposed of properly.
- Keep yourself dry and warm.
- Consult a doctor at once if you, or any household member, have any sign or symptom of infection. This will help prevent the spread of infection in the evacuation area.
- Common infections or diseases that may spread in an evacuation area include coughs and colds; acute gastroenteritis; skin and eye infections; measles; dengue; leptospirosis; and hepatitis A.
- Do not allow children to wade in floodwaters to avoid diseases, such as leptospirosis.
- Dispose all waste properly.
- Maintain personal hygiene. Always wash your hands before and after eating and using the toilet.
- Put safety first. Stay away from hanging wires and unstable structures.
- Typhoons (tropical cyclones), also known as bagyo, hit the country around 19 times in a typical year. Typhoons bring strong winds and heavy rains resulting in flooding, great damage to crops, houses and buildings, and death due to accidents. Climate change affects the increase in the intensity of typhoons.
Coping with Typhoons Preparations for Typhoon
- Tune into the radio or TV, or log on to the Internet, for regular updates on the weather.
- Have an emergency kit ready. Fill a watertight box/container with canned goods, soda crackers, bottled water, and other ready-to-eat, non-perishable food items. Include a flashlight with extra batteries, transmitter radio with battery, mobile phone, blanket, and clothing.
During Strong Winds and Heavy Rains
- Watch out for falling debris (roof tiles, signs, GI sheets, tree branches, etc.)
- When inside the house or building, do not stay near the windows and watch out for broken glass.
- Unplug all electrical appliances.
- Do not get close to the riverbank or seashore.
- Evacuate to a higher ground.
- Secure children on a higher ground or on a flotation device.
- Wear a protective head gear or helmet while evacuating.
- Use a rope to secure yourself.
- Carry the elderly or sick on your back.
- Watch out for open manholes or side ditches. Use a stick to check the safety around your feet when walking on flooded areas.
- Call for Help Emergency: 911
Image courtesy of stockimages at FreeDigitalPhotos.net
Once girls reach a certain age, it’s a good idea to start talking to them about the changes that the body goes through and what they should look for in regards to the period or even emotions that they might feel. Taking your daughter to an OBGYN in Northwest Houston or any other city is a good idea as the doctor can perform an exam to make sure the body is functioning as it should and to answer any questions that your daughter might have. Sometimes, a young girl will speak with a doctor or a nurse more than they will a parent, so this is a time when you want your daughter to write down any questions that she might have so that they can be discussed.
There are a few reasons why you want to visit an OBGYN. You want to get as much information as possible about the changes going on in the body. You also want to get information on the various diseases and illnesses that are in the world or that could occur. Your daughter can learn about pregnancy prevention and what to do if she is sexually active or thinking about being sexually active. She might have questions about pain associated with her period. If you’re a young woman who has never been to an OBGYN, you can get the same information and learn about the various methods of birth control. If you are pregnant, then the doctor can give you vitamins and talk with you about what to expect through the pregnancy and labor and delivery.
When you make an appointment for yourself or your daughter, try to make it in the middle of the menstrual cycle. This will give the doctor a better chance at making sure the ovaries and other reproductive organs are working as they should. When you get to the doctor, you will probably be asked for a urine sample. If it’s the first time, then the doctor might order to have blood drawn to check the levels in the body. The doctor will examine the vagina and breasts to make sure you are healthy before talking with you about any concerns that you might have.