Health Advisory on ZIKA VIRUS


Key facts

• Zika virus infection is a mosquito-borne disease caused by a flavivirus. This occurs in tropical countries with large mosquito population.

• Zika virus is transmitted to people through the bite of an infected mosquito from the Aedes genus, mainly Aedes aegypti in urban areas and Aedes albopictus in rural areas.
• Aedes bite aggressively during the day.
• This is the same mosquito that transmits Dengue and Chikungunya.
• Zika virus can also be transmitted through sex carrying Zika virus unprotected.
• Zika virus has been detected in blood, urine, amniotic fluids, semen, saliva as well as body fluids found in the brain and spinal cord.

Signs and Symptoms

• Common symptoms include fever, conjunctivitis, and skin rash.
• Other symptoms include headache, muscle pain, joint pain, pain behind the eyes, and vomiting.
• The illness is usually mild and self-limiting with symptoms lasting for 2-7 days.

• Neurological type of complication: Guillain-Barre’ syndrome which is the sudden weakening of muscles.
• Neonatal malformation: Microcephaly which is a condition where a baby’s head is smaller than those of other babies of the same age and sex.

Prevention and Treatment
• Avoid infection by preventing mosquito bites.
• Use insect repellants.
• Use window and door screens.
• Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants or permethrin-treated clothing.
• Once a week, empty and scrub, turn over, cover, or throw out items that hold water such as tires, buckets, planters, toys, or trash containers.
• People sick with Zika virus should get plenty of rest, drink enough fluids and treat pain and fever with common medicines.
• People with signs and symptoms of Zika virus infection should undergo diagnostic test (serology)
• If symptoms persists, they should seek medical care and advice immediately to the nearest health facility.

How is ZIKA, CHIKUNGUNYA and DENGUE infection prevented?

Search and Destroy

Cover the drums, pails, and other waste containers at all times
Clean and replace the water in flower vases once a week
Cover the holes around the house with soil or sand
Remove or pierce old tires that are being used as roof supports, also those tires placed around the house that might hold water.
Flip-over empty bottles, jars, tin cans and other items that can collect and hold water
Clean and remove water on dish racks and other household items that can hold water


Use mosquito repellants to avoid mosquito bites
Use mosquito nets when sleeping at daytime
Wear long sleeves or clothes that will protect your skin from mosquito bites


Seek and consult with the nearest health facility if you already have fever fro two days

Fogging should be done when there is an impending and during outbreaks


How to deal with stress

Another effective means to fight off stress according to a friend is to learn to play a guitar with the guide of guitar grimoire (chord and voicing book). I agree with her only that learning to strum the guitar is already stressful for me haha. On a serious note, music has been found to help…

How I deal with stress

Having to deal with some personal health problem each day is stressful enough for a stay-at-home mom like me; good thing there are options to fight off or at least relieve the stress. I have mysicians friend for comfort and Netflix where I can watch movies and TV series while resting on the couch. How…

Music and exercise

An old friend of mine is convincing me to start walking as form of exercise. Walking has helped her to lose some pound. She said that she was able to stand walking for several minutes by listening to music from her cellphone. She started downloading music, including sounds of bugera 333xl and play them repeatedly…

Yoga position to facilitate digestion and elimination

Do you have problem with digestion or elimination? I guess this yoga position called spine twist will help you solve your digestion and elimination problem. This is how you do it. Lie on your back with your arms out to the sides at shoulder height and your legs extended. Then, bend and lift your right…